Buzkashi is
the name of a national and traditional sport in
means to haul a goat, in this play experts and
hardy horsemen are competing with each other to win the game. This sport is not
only known in Afghanistan but in Central Asia in countries like: Tajikistan,
Uzbekistan or Turkmenistan.


There is no history background
about Buzkashi but in some history records it
was mentioned that first matches
of Buzkashi were related to King Changez Age
from 11th century. Some people believe that first matches were related to the
time of Alexander campaigns. It is also said that for the first time this game
was played near to Oxus when horses were used as a fight tool. Therefore, it
means that from fighting it has been changed into a sport.

Buzkashi sport
supported by previous governments in Afghanistan, as in Muhammad Zahir Shah
period Buzkashi matches were celebrated along
with the birth of emperors.

In the game there is no principle for registration of
players, anyone can enter to ground with their horse. There is no limit in the
width of the ground, but Olympic office of Afghanistan has size the ground in
350 to 350 meter square. The ground
of Buzkashi sport has two main places: the first
place is acalled “Helal circle” and the second place is the flag. The flag is
placed with a specific distance in front of the Helal circle.

The custom is that before playing the game, a calf or a
big goat should be killed and then the killer cuts its head, arms from the
elbows and legs from the knees off. The body of the animal will be put into cold
water for 24 hours to become more heavy. Sometimes, for making the match even
more challenging the body is filled with stones. The next step is to place the
body in the middle of the ground and the game can start. The people who are
playing in this game are
called Chapandaz (horseman).

The horsemen combat with each other to get the animal’s
body, they encircle the animal, pick it up, cross from the flag and then they
should threw it into Helal circle.

The value
of Buzkashi horses is much higher,
especially Qataghan Horse which is the most
famous and can reach the higest
price. Buzkashi matches are celebrated in
national days, national parties,
other important days. The sport is done in Spring and Fall seasons because of
temperate weather.

Source: http://www.bitlanders.com/blogs/buzkashi/78781


Elias Hatimi

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