International Human Rights Day

A milestone document in the history of human rights,
translated into over 500 languages, a list of moral principles/norms protected
as legal rights in municipal and international law – The Universal Declaration
of Human Rights (UDHR) – is the essence of humans’ existence. December,10 is
International Human Rights Day.

“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity
and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards
one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”

“Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security
of person.”

“Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and
residence within the borders of each state. Everyone has the right to leave any
country, including his own, and to return to his country.”

“Everyone has
the right to a nationality.”

“Men and women of full age, without any limitation due
to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.
They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its

“Everyone has the right to freedom of thought,
conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or
belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or
private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and

“Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including
reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with

“Everyone has the right to a standard of living
adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including
food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the
right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood,
old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his

“Everyone has the right to education. Education shall
be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages (…).”

“Everyone has duties to the community in which alone
the free and full development of his personality is possible.”

Illustarted version of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights is available here:

You can listen to Eleanor Roosevelt reading the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 1st January 1948 here:

Photo: “Homeless person at his ‘home’ in
Tineretului park in Bucharest, Romania.” taken by Raphael

Beata Jaranowska


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